English 233:  Introduction to Western Humanities -- Baroque & Enlightenment

Reading List #4

The Eighteenth-century Enlightenment and Its Opponents
OR:  Can society be put on a secular rational basis?

Readings on the Counter-Enlightenment

Jonathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels, Book III, Chapters i-vi:  The Voyage to Laputa and the Grand Acadamy of Lagado (pp. 151-189 of the Bantam paperback edition).  Be sure also to cover pp. 1-7 [middle] and 14 [last paragraph]-16 [middle] of Miriam Kosh Starkman's useful "Introduction."  

The Study Guide to these parts of Book III.  

Swift, Gulliver's Travels, Book IV:  The Voyage to the Land of the Houyhnhnms.

Study Guide to Book IV of Gulliver's Travels.


Readings on the 18th-century Enlightenment

WH on the Enlightenment in the 18th Century (pp. 401-406).

WH on Voltaire (p. 398).

Voltaire, selections from The Philosophical Letters (on Bacon and on Newton)

Voltaire, "Story of a Good Brahmin" (handout).

WH on Alexander Pope (p. 424).

Alexander Pope, selections from An Essay on ManThe Design, Epistle I, Epistle II, Epistle III (excerpts), Epistle IV (excerpts).

Voltaire, Candide (Dover paperback edition). 

Study Guide to Candide.

Voltaire, selections from The Philosophical Dictionary ("Dogmas" and "Freedom of Thought").

WH on rococo style in the arts (pp. 410-416).  

Our page on 4 famous neo-classical paintings by Jacques-Louis David.

The Declaration of Independence (American Revolution).

Introduction to the Declaration of Independence (National Archives and Records Administration).

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (French Revolution).  {Alternate sources:  1, 2, 3.]

Immanuel Kant, excerpt from An Anwser to the Question "What Is Enlightenment?"

Introduction to Kant and "What Is Enlightenment?"

William Blake, "London".


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      This page last updated 05 March 1998.