History 588 The Rise and Fall of Nazi Germany

Fall 2004
M W F 9:30-10:20 in EH 226

Professor Brent Maner
Office: 315 Eisenhower Hall
Tel. 532-0381; Email: maner@ksu.edu
Office hours: M and W 1:30-2:30 (You can also email me to arrange another time.)

Course Description
"The Rise and Fall of Nazi Germany" will offer students the opportunity to study Germany's turbulent political history from 1918 to 1945. Our first unit will explore the political context of the early Nazi party (1922-1933) and analyze its main ideas. Second, we will turn to daily life under the Nazi state in order to understand the effects Nazi policies had on politics, society, culture, and sexuality between 1933 and 1945. Third, we will consider war and violence as central components of the Nazi world view. This section will include discussions of Nazi responsibility for the Second World War and the Holocaust. We will end the course with a brief look at the legacy of the Nazi past in Germany since 1945.

Required Readings (first word of each entry is the abbreviation used in the course schedule)
Spielvogel: Jackson J. Spielvogel, Hitler and Nazi Germany: A History, 5th ed. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2005). ISBN 0-13-189877-9
Allen: William Sheridan Allen, The Nazi Seizure of Power: The Experience of a Single German Town 1922-1945, rev. ed. (NY: Franklin Watts, 1984). ISBN 0-531-05633-3
Bessel: Richard Bessel (ed.), Life in the Third Reich (NY: Oxford University Press, 2001). ISBN 0-19-280210-0.
Levi: Primo Levi, The Drowned and the Saved, trans. by Raymond Rosenthal (NY: Vintage Books, 1989). ISBN 0-679-72186-X
Packet: A course packet is available at the copy center in the basement of Eisenhower Hall.

Writing Assignments and Exams
Postings to K-State Online. See KSO for a description of this assignment.
Two longer essays. I will post assignment sheets to K-State Online at least two weeks in advance of the due date for each of these papers. The first is due Wednesday, Oct. 20, and the second on Thursday, Dec. 5. Each paper should be ~1800 words in length (+/- 100 words).
Three exams. They will take place on Monday, September 20, Monday, November 1, and Tuesday, Dec. 14 (during our final exam slot, from 11:50-1:40).
There will also be a series of unannounced reading quizzes. They will be figured into the participation portion of the grade. The quizzes will cover the reading assigned for that day.

Grade Distribution
KSO postings (40 points)
Essays (2 @ 100 points each)
Exams (3 @ 70 points each)
Participation (50 points)*
*Students who miss class more than five times will receive none of the points for participation.

Grade Scale
A = 450-500 points
B = 400-449 points
C = 350-399 points
D = 300-349 points
F= <300 points

Important Notices
1. I will use K-State Online (KSO) (http://online.ksu.edu/) to deliver assignment descriptions and information relevant to our course. I will also post grades to KSO for your convenience. It is your responsibility to familiarize yourself with KSO and to use it regularly to keep up with course information. We will also use the discussion board on KSO to cover reading assignments.
2. Please notify me during the first two weeks of the course if you have any condition, such as a physical or learning disability, which will make it difficult for you to carry out the work as I have outlined it. I will gladly discuss options for academic accommodations with you.
3. I will punish all forms of cheating. Dishonest behavior on minor assignments, like quizzes and homework, will result in a lowering of the final course grade by a full letter grade. Cheating on major assignments (papers or exams) will result in an "XF" for the course (see below), regardless of performance on other graded work. I report cases of academic dishonesty to the KSU Honor System, and the University maintains a record of Honor System violations.
Plagiarism on papers (turning in another student's work and/or use of printed or internet sources without citation) is a serious problem on our campus. Cutting and pasting text from the Internet is not research-it is plagiarism! If you are unsure about these practices, please see me for clarification. The Honor System Web site also includes examples of violations. (See http://www.ksu.edu/honor.)
From the Provost's Office web site: Kansas State has an Undergraduate Honor System based on personal integrity which is presumed to be sufficient assurance in academic matters that one's work is performed honestly and without unauthorized assistance. Undergraduate students, by registration, acknowledge the jurisdiction of the Undergraduate Honor System. The policies and procedures of the Undergraduate Honor System apply to all full and part-time students enrolled in undergraduate courses on-campus, off-campus, and via distance learning.
A component vital to the Honor System is the inclusion of the Honor Pledge which applies to all assignments, examinations, or other course work undertaken by undergraduate students. The Honor Pledge is implied, whether or not it is stated: "On my honor, as a student, I have neither given nor received unauthorized aid on this academic work."
A g rade of XF can result from a breach of academic honesty. The F indicates failure in the course; the X indicates the reason is an Honor Pledge violation. For more information, visit the Honor System home web page. (http://www.ksu.edu/honor)

Course Schedule
Unit I The Nazi Party in Weimar Germany
W Aug 18: Requirements and expectations for the course / defining the NSDAP; Reading: Purchase and look over the course books; set up KSO account and look over our Web pages
F Aug 20: The German Empire and the "Sonderweg" thesis; Reading: Web links to German history background (KSO); Wehler, The German Empire (packet); and Spielvogel, preface and ch. 1

M Aug 23: World War I and the Treaty of Versailles; Reading: Trench poets (packet); Treaty of Versailles (packet); and Bessel, "Introduction" (Bessel)
W Aug 25: Adolf Hitler's biography from 1889 to 1925; Reading: 1920 Program (packet) and Spielvogel, ch. 2
F Aug 27: Politics during the Weimar Republic, part I; Reading: Allen, chs. 1-2

M Aug 30: The Nazi worldview; Reading: Selections from Hitler, Mein Kampf (packet)
W Sept 1: Politics during the Weimar Republic, part II; Reading: Mussolini, "Fascism" (packet)
F Sept 3: Interwar Culture; Reading: Allen, chs. 3-5

M Sept 6: No Class--Labor Day
W Sept 8: The Great Depression in Northeim; Reading: Allen, chs. 6-9 (Be prepared to discuss Allen, chs. 1-9.)
F Sept 10: The Consolidation of Nazi Power; Reading: Bessel, "Political Violence and the Nazi Seizure of Power" (Bessel) and Spielvogel, ch. 3

Unit II The National Socialist State
M Sept 13: Co-ordination in the Nazi state (Gleichschaltung); Reading: Allen, chs. 10-14
W Sept 15: The Gestapo and the Policing of Society; Reading: Spielvogel, ch. 4
F Sept 17: Women in Nazi Germany; Reading: Stephenson, "Women" (packet) and section from Spielvogel, ch. 6 that covers "Women in the Third Reich"

M Sept 20: First Exam
W Sept 22: Nazi Propaganda; Reading: Spielvogel, ch. 5; Kershaw, "Hitler and the Germans" (Bessel); and Propaganda Archive (web page)
F Sept 24: Hitler Youth and Strength through Joy; Reading: Spielvogel, ch. 6 and Peukert, "Youth in the Third Reich" (Bessel)

M Sept 27: Nazi Foreign Policy, 1933-1936
W Sept 29: Debates about the Nazi State; Reading: Geyer "The Nazi State Reconsidered" (Bessel)
F Oct 1: Life in Northeim; Reading: Allen, chs. 15-20 and Wilke, "Village Life in Nazi Germany" (Bessel) (Be prepared to discuss Allen, chs. 10-20 and Wilke's article.)

M Oct 4: Labor and the NS State; Reading: Herbert, "The Real Mystery" (packet)
W Oct 6: The "Health" of the Volk; Reading: Noakes, "Social Outcasts" (Bessel)
F Oct 8: Jewish Life in Germany; Reading: Spielvogel, ch. 9 (first half) and Carr, "Nazi Policies against the Jews" (Bessel)

M Oct 11: No Class--Fall Break
W Oct 13: From Racial Studies to Racial Laws; Reading: Weindling, "Understanding Nazi Racism: Precursors and Perpetrators" (packet) and Lowenberg, "The Kristallnacht" (packet)
F Oct 15: Victor Klemperer's Perceptions of Germany; Reading: selections from Victor Klemperer's diary (packet)

Unit III WWII and the Holocaust
M Oct 18: Mobilization and Consensus
W Oct 20: Nazi Foreign Policy, 1936 to the Outbreak of World War II; Paper due
F Oct 22: Course of the War on the Western Front; Reading: Spielvogel, chs. 7 - 8

M Oct 25: Course of the War on the Eastern Front
W Oct 27: The Barbarization of Warfare; Reading: Bartov, "Savage War" (packet) (See also http://www.verbrechen-der-wehrmacht.de/docs/home_e.htm)
F Oct 29: The Home Front; Reading: Herbert, "Labor as Spoils of Conquest, 1933-1945" (packet)

M Nov 1: Second Exam
W Nov 3: The Holocaust; Reading: Spielvogel, ch. 9; The Wannsee Protocol (packet)
F Nov 5: The Holocaust; Reading: Browning, "One Day in Jozefow: Initiation to Mass Murder" (packet)

M Nov 8: The Holocaust Reading: Hilberg, "Killing Operations" (packet)
W Nov 10: Willing Executioners? Reading: Mommsen, "The Realization of the Unthinkable" and Goldhagen, "Willing Executioners" (packet)
F Nov 12: Into the Abyss: Hitler's War is Lost


Unit IV Interpreting Nazi Germany since 1945
M Nov 15: Allied Victory and Liberation
W Nov 17: Division of Germany and De-nazification; Reading: Herbert, "Good Times, Bad Times: Memories" (Bessel) and J. Herf, "Multiple Restorations: German Political Traditions and the Interpretation of Nazism" (packet)
F Nov 19: Survivor Testimonies

M Nov 22: Primo Levi's experiences and observations; Reading: Levi, preface and chs. 1-5
W Nov 24 and F Nov 26 No Class--Thanksgiving Break

M Nov 29: Germans and Holocaust Survivors; Reading: Levi, The Drowned and the Saved, chs. 7, 8, and Conclusion
W Dec 1: Claude Lanzmann, "Shoah"
F Dec 3: "Shoah" cont.; Paper due

M Dec 6: The Nazi Legacy in West Germany
W Dec 8: Memorials and Exhibits in Berlin; Reading: Kramer (packet)
F Dec 10: The Wehrmacht Exhibit; Reading: Niven, "The Crimes of the Wehrmacht" (packet)

Our third exam is Tuesday, December 14 from 11:50a.m. to 1:40 p.m.